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the_partys_over [2010/01/20 04:05]
will
the_partys_over [2010/11/18 21:25]
dan
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 An [[http://www.postcarbon.org/files/EndOfOilBooklet_0.pdf|alternative synopsis]] is provided by the Post Carbon Institute on [[http://www.postcarbon.org/|their website]]. An [[http://www.postcarbon.org/files/EndOfOilBooklet_0.pdf|alternative synopsis]] is provided by the Post Carbon Institute on [[http://www.postcarbon.org/|their website]].
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 ====== Energy, Nature and Society ====== ====== Energy, Nature and Society ======
  
-Ecology is the study of the way in which species interact with their environments and other species.  Humans conform neatly into standard ecological patterns; it is therefore possible to view social sciences in a sense as a subset of ecology, and to examine human society in the context of ecology's basic rules.  In this context it is useful to explain a few concepts:+Ecology is the study of the way in which species interact with their environments and other species.  Humans conform neatly to standard ecological patterns; it is therefore possible to view social sciences in a sense as a subset of ecology, and to examine human society in the context of ecology's basic rules.  In this context it is useful to explain a few concepts:
   - **Carrying capacity**: the number of members of a species (population load) that a given set of resources can support.   - **Carrying capacity**: the number of members of a species (population load) that a given set of resources can support.
   - **Climax phase**: this is the stable state of ecological systems, in which all species have coevolved in order to exploit available resources with the greatest possible efficiency.  Typically, in this phase, //competition has been eliminated// Where multiple species previously competed for a scarce resource, in the climax phase either all but one species has been eliminated or all species have evolved so as to stably exploit the same resource without infringing upon one another (eg by feeding at different times or in different areas).  In many cases, species will develop means of regulating their own populations other than through starvation of surplus members (such as becoming infertile when food supplies are not plentiful).(("The urge to form partnerships, to link up in collaborative arrangements, is perhaps the oldest, strongest, and most fundamental force in nature.  There are no solitary, free-living creatures, every form of life is dependent on other forms." ---Lewis Thomas, quoted in Augros and Stanciu, //The New Biology//, p118.))   - **Climax phase**: this is the stable state of ecological systems, in which all species have coevolved in order to exploit available resources with the greatest possible efficiency.  Typically, in this phase, //competition has been eliminated// Where multiple species previously competed for a scarce resource, in the climax phase either all but one species has been eliminated or all species have evolved so as to stably exploit the same resource without infringing upon one another (eg by feeding at different times or in different areas).  In many cases, species will develop means of regulating their own populations other than through starvation of surplus members (such as becoming infertile when food supplies are not plentiful).(("The urge to form partnerships, to link up in collaborative arrangements, is perhaps the oldest, strongest, and most fundamental force in nature.  There are no solitary, free-living creatures, every form of life is dependent on other forms." ---Lewis Thomas, quoted in Augros and Stanciu, //The New Biology//, p118.))
the_partys_over.txt ยท Last modified: 2019/11/08 10:39 (external edit)