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the_new_industrial_state [2010/01/26 15:51]
will
the_new_industrial_state [2017/12/07 15:47]
will [Change and the Industrial System]
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 Less frequently celebrated, there has been a vast increase in the human effort expended in advertising.  "In its cost and the talent it commands, this activity is coming increasingly to rival the effort devoted to the production of goods."((p23.))  Union membership is no longer increasing, having peaked at 25.2 per cent of the workforce in 1956 and having declined since.  There has been a large increase in enrolment in higher education, and a somewhat lagging increase in funding. Less frequently celebrated, there has been a vast increase in the human effort expended in advertising.  "In its cost and the talent it commands, this activity is coming increasingly to rival the effort devoted to the production of goods."((p23.))  Union membership is no longer increasing, having peaked at 25.2 per cent of the workforce in 1956 and having declined since.  There has been a large increase in enrolment in higher education, and a somewhat lagging increase in funding.
  
-These changes should be seen holistically.  In sum, they create the need and the opportunity for large industrial organisation.  Economic systems tend to converge on the large, bureaucratic industrial system.  There shape is thus more determined by technology and organisation than by ideology.+These changes should be seen holistically.  In sum, they create the need and the opportunity for large industrial organisation.  Economic systems tend to converge on the large, bureaucratic industrial system.  Their shape is thus more determined by technology and organisation than by ideology.
  
 The traditional and pedagogically convenient view of America as a free market capitalist economy dominated by small firms with little capital is a poor representative of a substantial part of the economy.  It is a reasonable description of many remaining industries, such as agriculture, truck mines, painting, musical composition, much writing, the professions, some vice, handicrafts, some retail trade and a large number of repairing, cleaning, refurbishing, cosmetic and other household and personal services.  However, this is not the sector of the economy under change.  The Industrial System as we shall call it, consisting of 500-600 corporations in sectors such as communications, production and distribution of electricity, transportation, manufacturing and mining, much retail trade and entertainment is very different in character, poorly described by economists and the source of the visible and important changes in the economy.  The industrial system is a dominant feature of the Industrial State. The traditional and pedagogically convenient view of America as a free market capitalist economy dominated by small firms with little capital is a poor representative of a substantial part of the economy.  It is a reasonable description of many remaining industries, such as agriculture, truck mines, painting, musical composition, much writing, the professions, some vice, handicrafts, some retail trade and a large number of repairing, cleaning, refurbishing, cosmetic and other household and personal services.  However, this is not the sector of the economy under change.  The Industrial System as we shall call it, consisting of 500-600 corporations in sectors such as communications, production and distribution of electricity, transportation, manufacturing and mining, much retail trade and entertainment is very different in character, poorly described by economists and the source of the visible and important changes in the economy.  The industrial system is a dominant feature of the Industrial State.
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 > The price that the industrial system must pay for its people and the conduct of its research is the support of general enlightenment. ---p367 > The price that the industrial system must pay for its people and the conduct of its research is the support of general enlightenment. ---p367
 +
  
 ===== The Political Lead ===== ===== The Political Lead =====
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 At this moment there is a considerable if rather unfocused atmosphere of dissent amongst younger people.  As yet it has no coherent political leadership.  This ought to come from the scientific and educational estate.  It has the required scepticism about the industrial system's objectives and current trends in foreign policy under the guidance of the industrial system.  Since World War II, scientists have already emerged as an independent political force, especially where science imposes on foreign policy.  The nuclear test ban treaty of 1963, for example, would not have been achieved without the initiative of the scientific community. At this moment there is a considerable if rather unfocused atmosphere of dissent amongst younger people.  As yet it has no coherent political leadership.  This ought to come from the scientific and educational estate.  It has the required scepticism about the industrial system's objectives and current trends in foreign policy under the guidance of the industrial system.  Since World War II, scientists have already emerged as an independent political force, especially where science imposes on foreign policy.  The nuclear test ban treaty of 1963, for example, would not have been achieved without the initiative of the scientific community.
  
-> General public and political awareness of the dangers of nuclear conflict, the desirability of détente with the Soviet Union and the technical possibilities for disarmament owes a great deal to the scientific community.  It owes very little to the military, diplomatic and industrial community. ---p375+> General public and political awareness of the dangers of nuclear conflict, the desirability of détente with the Soviet Union and the technical possibilities for disarmament owes a great deal to the scientific community.  It owes very little to the military, diplomatic and industrial community. ---p375
  
 Economists are more or less useless in this role.  Where economic goals are of central importance, economists are useful --- in a wider debate that considers production against goals which cannot by analysed using the economist's toolbox, he ought to be marginalised, even if his technical understanding is greater than those with a more balanced perspective.  Economists are the natural ally of the industrial system.  Recently, so has the liberal been --- to be a liberal in recent times has meant to be an economic liberal, espousing increased production, employment, management of aggregate demand and greater equality of wages.  These are no longer an appropriate liberal platform --- they need no liberal advocacy to be enacted, the industrial system is more than capable of fighting their corner unaided.  The liberal economic programme, in other words, has run its course --- it is time to find a new one. Economists are more or less useless in this role.  Where economic goals are of central importance, economists are useful --- in a wider debate that considers production against goals which cannot by analysed using the economist's toolbox, he ought to be marginalised, even if his technical understanding is greater than those with a more balanced perspective.  Economists are the natural ally of the industrial system.  Recently, so has the liberal been --- to be a liberal in recent times has meant to be an economic liberal, espousing increased production, employment, management of aggregate demand and greater equality of wages.  These are no longer an appropriate liberal platform --- they need no liberal advocacy to be enacted, the industrial system is more than capable of fighting their corner unaided.  The liberal economic programme, in other words, has run its course --- it is time to find a new one.
the_new_industrial_state.txt · Last modified: 2019/11/08 10:39 (external edit)